The best time to cut back and control most large Apple, Apricot, Cherry and Pear trees will be between winter and early spring. Once autumn has passed and all leaf has fallen and the trees become dormant, this will indicate the most appropriate time for pruning to occur.
To encourage healthy growth and to encourage a bumper crop of fruit, it’s critical to prune before the buds appear from mid-late spring. Make sure than any rubbing or branches that cross each other are trimmed back completely. Identify damaged or weakened branches and remove these also. Create a simple open structure where the side shoots can develop and become stronger.